Woven Clothing Fabrics: Understanding Natural Fibres

How are clothes made?

Similar to points, lines and surfaces in maths
Life’s most common fabrics result from the transformation of fibers into threads, which are subsequently woven into fabric clothing fabrics.

The raw material of fabric – fibre
Natural fibres and man-made fibres can be divided into two main categories.

First of all what are natural fibres?Characteristics of plant fibers in clothing fabrics

The most common “cotton, hemp, silk, wool” natural fibres can be divided into plant fibres and animal fibres.
Among them, “cotton and hemp” is plant fibre “silk, wool” is animal fibre.Natural cellulose fibre is composed of plant fibres, its main component is cellulose.
Cotton, hemp, jute, flax and other plant fibres play an important role in international trade,Cotton fibre generally refers to cotton,Cotton fibres are used to make fabrics of all sizes.
From lightweight sheer barytheta to durable canvas and warm flat velvet.
It is suitable for making all types of garments, furniture fabrics and industrial fabrics.


Characteristics of cotton in clothing fabrics

Everyone is familiar with clothing, corduroy and denim raw materials are mainly cotton
Cotton fabrics are strong and hardwearing and can be washed and ironed at high temperatures.
Cotton is favoured for its moisture absorption and quick drying.
Making it comfortable to wear, cotton fabrics are often used to make pajamas, T-shirts and other intimate apparel.

Characteristics of linen in clothing fabrics

Linen fibre refers to the fibre extracted from various linen plants, such as ramie, flax and rooibos.

Flax fabrics are mostly used for summer clothing.
Especially ramie, because ramie fabric is cool, moisture-absorbent and breathable
In addition, it is very hard, strong and resistant to dyeing.
Therefore it is favoured by consumers.

Linen fibre is not as soft as cotton fibre
Dyeability and conformability are also worse than cotton fibre.
However, the toughness of linen is better than cotton, and the abrasion resistance is also stronger than cotton.

Therefore, the appearance of linen fabric clothing is more rustic, the production of home furnishings is a good choice

What is animal fiber? Characteristics of animal fibers in clothing fabrics

Animal fibre is also known as protein fibre, because its main component is protein, often from captive animals. There are many types of animal wool, such as cashmere, cashmere, rabbit hair, duck down, goose down, etc. Silk is the glandular secretion of silkworms, including mulberry silk, quassia silk, castor silk and so on.

Characteristics of silk in clothing fabrics

Silk is a natural protein fibre.
Also in nature the only natural filament suitable for textiles.

Silk fabrics are fabrics made from silk.
There are two different types of silk fabrics, namely Mulberry silk fabrics and Quercus silk fabrics.
Quercus silk fabrics are dull in colour and rough in appearance, while mulberry silk fabrics are delicate, smooth and soft to the touch.

In addition to clothing, it can also be used directly as embroidery thread in embroidery.
Bright colours, full of glossy beauty.
Durable silk fabric feels good on the skin
It has the ability to absorb moisture, light and smooth texture, excellent elasticity, especially suitable for intimate apparel.
However, silk fabrics wrinkle easily, are delicate and require good maintenance.

Characteristics of wool in clothing fabrics

Wool fibres are fibres obtained from animals.
Such as wool, mohair, rabbit hair and so on.

Woolen fabrics are made from materials such as wool.
Textiles made by mixing and cross weaving different materials, common products are cashmere sweaters and wool coats.

In addition, there are fine wool fibres such as mink and otter hair.
After treatment, it can be used directly to make the fur trim of clothes.
Soft and warm to the touch, wool fabrics are tough, wear-resistant and good at keeping warm, suitable for autumn and winter wear.
Elastic, wrinkle-resistant, not easy to fade, but easy to shrink, frequent friction will pilling, poor heat resistance